Rio de Janeiro – Traffic congestion registered in the metropolitan areas of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo generated an economic cost of R $ 98 billion last year, according to a technical study released today (28) by the Federation of Industries of the State of Rio de Janeiro (Firjan).
The calculation considers the unplanned production loss and the extra fuel expense. The cost of mobility is equivalent to 2% of the Gross Domestic Product ( GDP, sum of goods and wealth generated by the country) last year, said the economist Riley Rodrigues, an expert on industrial competitiveness and investments of the Firjan System.
In the case of the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, the average time lost in congestion reached 130 kilometers (km), resulting in an economic loss of R $ 29 billion in 2013, or the equivalent of 8.2% of the metropolitan GDP.
In the metropolitan region of São Paulo, congestion reached an average of 300 km per day last year, costing R $ 69.4 billion, corresponding to 7.8% of the metropolitan GDP.
The situation may worsen if adequate measures are not taken, the study points out.Rodrigues reported that when one observes the metropolitan region of Rio, it can be seen that the cost of congestion can reach R $ 40 billion in 2022, with a daily extension of 182 km, while in São Paulo congestion can reach in the same period , At 357 km / day, with a cost equivalent to R $ 120 billion.
Riley Rodrigues said that in Rio de Janeiro, 23.4 million trips are made daily, including 7.1 million on foot or by bicycle. In São Paulo, there are 43.8 million trips per day, of which 14.3 million are on foot or by bicycle.
The remainder is made by motorized transportation (bus, train, subway, taxi, car and motorcycle mainly). He pointed out that “São Paulo has a much greater demand, derived from an even larger population”.
As São Paulo’s economy is stronger, the economist indicated that demand is higher and, therefore, investments in mobility in the metropolitan region end up having no impact of reducing congestion: “They reduce the growth rate of congestion, which Grows slower, but does not reverse the curve and begins to decrease. So you have a growing congestion and a cost of this bottling because the demand is too great.”
In the case of Rio de Janeiro, as the demand is much lower, Firjan projects a reduction in the cost of congestion from R $ 29 billion to R $ 25 billion in 2014 and 2015.
Starting in 2016, however, the growth trend recovers, “if there is no investment in mass transportation and in a change of the flow of mobility,” said Rodrigues. As there is no formation of new action to expand the coverage of the mass transportation system in Rio,”with the growth of the economy and the increase of the population, the demand for mobility grows.”
Since most people move to the same place at the same time, and motorized transportation is still the main form of demand, the congestion ends up. The output, the economist assured, is to increase mass transport and change the flow of mobility.
Where there is an imbalance between housing and employment, the solution is to create options for people to start working near their homes.
To do this, one must take urban infrastructure close to where people live. This reduces the displacement.
“In doing so, I distribute travel throughout the metropolitan region; Stop throwing everyone in the same direction, at the same time, “he said.
According to Rodrigues, this has a long-term impact on mobility. “I greatly improve mobility in a planned way, with rational densification of the regions, not to mention that in doing so, I also provoke a development of today’s depressed areas, because I am encouraging the opening of investments in areas that do not currently have much supply”, He clarified, and reiterated that integrated planning is the solution for several vectors.